Advertisement

You will be redirected to the page you want to view in  seconds.

Global chemical watchdog wins Nobel Peace Prize

Oct. 11, 2013 - 12:23PM   |  
Members of a chemical weapons investigation team take samples from the ground in the Damascus countryside of Zamalka, Syria. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday.
Members of a chemical weapons investigation team take samples from the ground in the Damascus countryside of Zamalka, Syria. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday. (AP)
  • Filed Under

Syrian official lauds Nobel prize for inspectors

BEIRUT — A Syrian lawmaker said Friday that awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to the global chemical watchdog underscores "the credibility" of the Damascus government and its intentions to destroy its deadly arsenal.
But an opposition figure described the award as "a premature step" that will allegedly divert attention from the "real cause" of the country's bloodshed — the regime in Damascus.
Both spoke hours after the announcement in Oslo that The Hague-based Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons won the Nobel Peace Prize for working to eliminate the scourge that has haunted generations from World War I to the battlefields of Syria.
The organization had largely worked out of the limelight until this year, when the United Nations called on its expertise to help investigate alleged chemical weapons attacks in Syria.
Their task is unprecedented — the U.N. has mandated the OPCW to rid Syria of its 1,000-ton stockpile of chemical weapons by mid-2014. — AP

THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS — The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for working to eliminate the scourge that has haunted generations from World War I to the battlefields of Syria.

The OPCW was formed in 1997 to enforce the Chemical Weapons Convention, the first international treaty to outlaw an entire class of weapons. Based in The Hague, Netherlands, it has largely worked out of the limelight until this year, when the United Nations called on its expertise to help investigate alleged chemical weapons attacks in Syria.

“The conventions and the work of the OPCW have defined the use of chemical weapons as a taboo under international law,” the Norwegian Nobel Committee said in Oslo. “Recent events in Syria, where chemical weapons have again been put to use, have underlined the need to enhance the efforts to do away with such weapons.”

Friday’s award comes just days before Syria officially joins as the group’s 190th member state. OPCW inspectors are already on a highly risky U.N.-backed disarmament mission based in Damascus to verify and destroy Syrian President Bashar Assad’s arsenal of poison gas and nerve agents amid a raging civil war.

The OPCW’s director-general, Ahmet Uzumcu (AKH’-meht ooh-ZOOM’-joo), said the award was a recognition of the group’s work for global peace in the past 16 years.

“But (it’s) also an acknowledgement of our staff’s efforts, who are now deployed in Syria, who have been, in fact, making a very brave effort there to fulfill their mandate,” he told the Norwegian public broadcaster NRK.

He said 27 OPCW experts were visiting chemical weapons storage and production sites in Syria. “And they are making an inventory of them. They are sealing them with a view to in fact eventually begin the destruction of those stockpiles,” Uzumcu said.

There was no immediate report on what the organization would do with the $1.2 million prize.

By giving the peace award to an international organization, the Nobel committee found a way to highlight the devastating Syrian civil war, now in its third year, without siding with any group involved. The fighting has killed an estimated 100,000 people and forced millions of Syrians to flee their homes and country, according to the U.N.

U.N. war crimes investigators have accused both Assad’s government and the rebels of wrongdoing, although they said earlier this year that the scale and intensity of rebel abuses hasn’t reached that of the regime.

In the past, seven nations — Albania, India, Iraq, Libya, Russia and the United States, along with a country identified by the OPCW only as “a state party” but widely believed to be South Korea — have declared stockpiles of chemical weapons and have or are in the process of destroying them.

However, the committee noted that some countries have not observed the deadline of April 2012 for destroying their chemical weapons. That applies especially to the U.S. and Russia, said Nobel committee chairman Thorbjoern Jagland.

“I have to recognize that they have particular challenges. They have huge stockpiles of chemical weapons,” he told The Associated Press. “What is important is that they do as much as they can and as fast as they can.”

After an Aug. 21 chemical weapons attack that killed hundreds in Syria, Assad was faced by the prospect of possibly devastating U.S. strikes against his military. To avert that, he admitted his chemical weapons stockpile and his government quickly signed up to the Chemical Weapons Convention and allowed OPCW inspectors into his country.

Syria is scheduled to formally become a member of the organization on Monday.

The first OPCW inspection team arrived in Syria last week, followed by another team this week. They have already begun to oversee the first stages of destruction of Assad’s chemical weapons.

The struggle to control chemical weapons began in earnest after World War I, when agents such as mustard gas killed more than 100,000 people and injured a million more. The 1925 Geneva Convention prohibited the use of the weapons but the production or storage of chemical weapons wasn’t outlawed until the Chemical Weapons Convention came into force in 1997.

“During World War II, chemical means were employed in Hitler’s mass exterminations,” the prize committee said. “Chemical weapons have subsequently been put to use on numerous occasions by both states and terrorists.”

According to the OPCW, 57,740 metric tons, or 81.1 percent, of the world’s declared stockpile of chemical agents have been verifiably destroyed. Albania, India and “a third country” — believed to be South Korea — have completed the destruction of their declared stockpiles.

An OPCW report earlier this year said the United States had destroyed about 90 percent of its stockpile of the weapons, Russia had destroyed 70 percent and Libya 51 percent.

Nations not belonging to the OPCW include North Korea, Angola, Egypt and South Sudan. Israel and Myanmar have signed but not ratified the convention.

The OPCW did not figure prominently in this year’s Nobel speculation, which focused mostly on Malala Yousafzai, the 16-year-old Pakistani girl who was shot in the head by the Taliban last October for advocating education for girls.

“She is an outstanding woman and I think she has a bright future and she will probably be a nominee next year or the year after that,” Jagland, the committee chairman, told The Associated Press. He declined to comment on whether she had been considered for this year’s award.

The European Union won the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize for uniting a continent ravaged by two world wars and divided by the Cold War.

Earlier this week, Alice Munro of Canada won the Nobel Literature Prize for her short-story prowess; three U.S.-based scientists won the chemistry award for developing a powerful new way to do chemistry on a computer; three Americans won the medicine prize for discoveries about how substances are moved around within cells; and the physics award went to a British and a Belgian scientist whose theories helped to explain how matter formed in the universe.

The peace prize was the last of the original Nobel Prizes to be announced for this year. The winners of the economics award, added in 1968, will be announced on Monday.

———

Ritter reported from Stockholm. AP reporter Mark Lewis in Oslo, Norway, contributed to this report.

Answers by RallyPoint

Join trending discussions in the military's #1 professional community. See what members like yourself have to say from across the DoD.

More In News

Start your day with a roundup of top defense news.

VA Home Loan
Rates

Search By:

Product Options:
Zip Code:

News for your in-box

Sign up now for free Military Times E-Reports. Choose from Money and Education. Subscribers: log in for premium e-newsletters.


This Week's Air Force Times

This Week's Air Force Times

Fat bonuses to quit now -- and keep your benefits
Guard and Reserve recruiting airmen hit by force cuts

Subscribe for Print or Digital delivery today!

Classifieds
MilitaryTimes Green Trusted Classifieds Looking to buy, sell and connect on Military Times?
Browse expanded listings across hundreds of military installations.
Faces of valorHonoring those who fought and died in Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom.
hall of valorThe Hall of Valor is a searchable database of valor award citations collected by Doug Sterner, a Vietnam veteran and Military Times contributing editor, and by Military Times staff.
Woman who cried rape
(3 replies)
   Last Post: TJMAC77SP
        May 3, 2014 1:32 PM
   Last Post: garhkal
        May 1, 2014 5:03 PM
Cliven Bundy
(45 replies)
   Last Post: Chief_KO
        Apr 26, 2014 9:49 AM
Handbooks

All you need to know about your military benefits.

Benefits handbook

Guard & Reserve All you need to know about the Guard & Reserve.

guard and reserve handbook